Published: 2020-03-17 12:43
Last Updated: 2021-05-07 11:26
As the number of coronavirus in Jordan is increasing, the government may have to activate the National Defense Law to overcome this crisis.
During a press conference held yesterday, Minister of State for Media Affairs Amjad Adaileh said that the government will likely announce the "National Defense Law" soon and will take the strictest measures against those who publish rumors and misinformation, in addition to other measures to prevent the spread of the outbreak.
What is the National Defense Law?
Article 2 of the Defense Law explains its objectives. It stipulates that, "upon a decision and a Royal Decree, a National Defense Law shall be passed in case of emergency that would threaten the national security or public safety in all parts of the Kingdom or in a region due to war, disturbances, armed internal strife, public disasters or the spread of a pest or epidemic."
However, the third Article of the Law states:
A- The application of this law shall be entrusted to the Prime Minister to take the necessary measures and procedures so as to ensure public safety and defend the Kingdom without being bound by the provisions of the regular laws in force.
B - The Prime Minister exercises his powers according to written orders.
C- The Prime Minister may delegate all or some of his powers to whomever he deems fit to do so throughout the Kingdom or in a specific region thereof, subject to the conditions and restrictions that he appoints.
The fourth Article of the Law states the powers of the Prime Minister under this law. The PM may exercise the following powers:
A- Placing restrictions on the freedom of people to gather, move, reside, and arrest or detain suspects or those who pose a threat to the national security and public order.
B- Assigning any person to perform any work or service within their ability.
C- Checking persons, places and vehicles without being bound by the provisions of any other law, and ordering the use of appropriate force in the event of opposition.
D- Setting possession of movable and immovable property and postponing debt payment and the accrued liability.
E - Preventing or restricting the importation, exportation or transfer of goods from one place to another and prohibiting their concealment, destruction, purchase or bartering them, and setting their prices.
F-Seizing any land, building, road, or source of water and energy, removing any trees or installations on them, establishing facilities for defense purposes instead and ordering the concerned parties to manage, exploit and organize their use.
G- Evacuating or isolating some areas and imposing curfew on them.
H- Ordering some or all public stores to open and close at specific times.
I- Regulating and specifying transportation between different regions, blocking any road or water stream or changing its direction and preventing traffic or regulating it.
J- Monitoring messages, newspapers, publications, pamphlets, drawings, and all means of expression, publicity and advertisement before they are published and seizing, confiscating, suspending, and closing the places where they were prepared.
K - Preventing taking pictures or making designs or maps for any specific place or thing that might benefit the enemy, preventing having any photographic equipment or materials for making photos, designs and maps in such places and preventing staying for so long in those places without a legitimate excuse.
L - Cancelling licenses of firearms, ammunition, explosives, or explosive materials that are used in the manufacture of explosives, preventing their manufacture, sale, purchase, transfer, disposing them, ordering their delivery and seizure, and closing the shops where they are sold or stored.
M- Preventing the manufacture, sale, purchase or possession of telecommunications equipment and ordering their delivery and seizure.