Published: 2018-01-25 17:50
Last Updated: 2018-01-26 11:54
The 18-days Egyptian Revolution started in January 25th, 2011, when people took to the streets across Egypt to end 30 years of dictatorial Hosni Mubarak’s regime.
Egyptians were inspired by their Tunisian neighbours, who ousted their longtime President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in January 2011.
January 25th was celebrated as the annual ‘Police Day’, before Egyptians changed it in 2011 to mark the start of the most important era in the Egyptian history.
People went to demand the end of Mubarak’s regime and emergency law, freedom, justice and a responsive non-military government.
Hosni Mubarak ruled the country for around 30 years, from 1981 to 2011. During these years, his regime was known to be focused on security, injustice and oppression.
Protests were joined by online youth groups, including liberals, anti-capitalists, nationalists, and feminist elements, who were finally joined by Islamic parties.
Official figures showed that at least, 846 Egyptian died and 6,000 more were injured during the 18 days of protests at the start of the year 2011.
During the 18-days revolution, the government tried to disrupt internet and mobile phone text messages services, before Mubarak dissolved his government with hopes that protests will calm.
However, numbers of Egyptians who were arriving to the Tahrir Square in Cairo were increasing.
Meanwhile, Mubarak was more insisting not to step down from office. He promised reforms to the constitution in a televised speech, and promised his government will focus on improving the economy and providing more jobs.
After tens of thousands of Egyptians joined protests, Hosni Mubarak resigned and handed over power to the army, to start a new era in the Egyptian history.
The ‘Lotus Revolution’, or as known as the ‘Rage Revolution’ and the‘Youth Revolution’, is referred to as one of the turning points of the Egyptian history.
Since 2011, major changes took place in Egypt as the political leadership changed, firstly, Mohammed Morsi won first elections after the revolution in June 2012, before he was ousted by the military on 3 July 2013.
The Egyptian Revolution was the inspiration for several Arabs who went to streets with hopes to change their situations, including Libya, Yemen and Syria.